IVF Procedure - The Basics One Needs to Know

Published: 12th July 2010
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It is common knowledge that the main objective of IVF procedure is to achieve fusing of the egg and the sperm outside the womb via artificial means. Once the fused egg has reached to the 6-8 level of cell development, it is placed back in the mother's uterus.

IVF is a very complicated procedure which, to be successfully accomplished, needs a combination of doctors from various specialisations. A fertility clinic offering IVF treatment must have experts in fields of gynaecology, endocrinology, embryology, urology, surgery and psychology to name a few. Absence of any one will render the procedure unsafe and unsuccessful.

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a major treatment in infertility when other methods of assisted reproduction have failed. It is a process by which egg cells are fertilised by sperms outside the womb by artificial means. The resultant embryo is then put into the womb for further maturation. The term in vitro is used to refer to any biological procedure that is performed outside the organism. The first successful IVF procedure was carried out in England way back in 1976 which resulted in a child birth in 1978. Now the technology is used as an effective clinical treatment for providing infertile couples a gateway to parenthood.

Initially IVF was developed to overcome infertility due to problems of the fallopian tube, but it is now used for a wide range of disorders such as unexplained infertility, endometriosis and male factor infertility.

Conventional or standard IVF treatment involves-

Sperm retrieval from the male
Fertilization of the retrieved eggs with sperms
Embryo transfer to the patient's uterus
Ovarian stimulation
Egg retrieval from the patient

Most common facilities offered by IVF clinics worldwide include:

Freezing of embryo/oocyte/sperm
Donation of sperm/egg/embryo
Surrogacy and surrogates
Amniocentesis (Pre-natal genetic diagnosis)
Sperm retrieval
Laser assisted hatching
Sperm bank

Important prerequisites for a successful IVF procedure are healthy ova or egg from the mother, sperms from the father and the mother possessing a uterus that can carry the pregnancy to its full term. Therefore any infertility that is caused by reasons other than defects in these three areas can be countered by IVF. Thus the technique allows homosexuals, single and even menopausal women to become pregnant.

The major complications of IVF are multiple births, increased risk of pregnancy loss, obstetrical complications, prematurity, and neonatal morbidity with the potential for long term damage. It is a very complicated procedure and not every attempt results in pregnancy. IVF is also too expensive to help all aspiring parents. Despite the demerits IVF is the only method which can make proud parents of a women otherwise considered traditionally hopeless for pregnancy.

IVF is the last hope towards motherhood for a woman after having tried natural as well as all available methods of assisted conception.So be wise while choosing Clinic. IVF Clinics must have facilities and expertise for most basic requirements of the IVF treatment like freezing of embryos.

A good IVF doctor will have discussions and planning about the smallest details of the procedure with the intended couple. He will encouragingly answer all the queries and provide advice on alternatives, time limit, costs and success rate of the procedure. It is therefore very important to make thorough research before selecting an IVF doctor. One places ones life in the hands of the IVF doctor so his credentials must be most carefully checked.

Dr Allahbadia heads the leading Deccan fertility clinic in India and has authored over 120 scientific papers in Indian and international peer-reviewed journals, 60 book chapters, and 13 textbooks.

You can see more details about Dr Allahbadia at:

The physician helps the infertile couple find the most appropriate therapeutic path to overcome barriers to conception, but, before a treatment is started, patients need to be aware of all its aspects, including its constraints. Beyond the medical expertise, infertile couples are also looking for counseling and support. From a psychological point of view, infertility is often a hard condition to cope with. During treatment and before a pregnancy is achieved, feelings of frustration or loss of control usually experienced by the infertile couple are likely to be exacerbated. Management of infertility includes both the physical and emotional care of the couple. Therefore, support from physicians, nurses and all people involved in treating the infertile couple is essential to help them cope with the various aspects of their condition. Offering counseling and contact with other infertile couples and patient associations can provide help outside the medical environment.

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Embryo transfer,infertility,ivf fertility,infertility,Infertility Doctors ,fertility problem,Getting Pregnant,Pregnant ,infertility, female infertility, male infertility, cause of infertility and IVF Treatment Step by Step at India's first budget IVF clinic:

Deccan Fertility Clinic & Keyhole Surgery Center
Tel: +91 22 2446 6633
Fax: +91 22 2444 4443

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